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RESOURCES
 
TUSKEGEE AIRMEN CHRONOLOGY, 16 December 2011
TEN MYTHS ABOUT THE TUSKEGEE AIRMEN, 28 November 2011
TUSKEGEE AIRMEN-ESCORTED BOMBERS LOST TO ENEMY AIRCRAFT, 26 November 2008
112 VICTORIES: AERIAL VICTORY CREDITS OF THE TUSKEGEE AIRMEN, 17 January 2008
TUSKEGEE AIRMEN GET CONGRESSIONAL MEDAL, March 29, 2007
 
 
Col. Benjamin O. Davis standing with pilots
 
Photograph shows (left) Col. Benjamin O. Davis, Commanding Officer, 332nd Fighter Group, Class 42-C; (right) Edward C. Gleed, Lawrence, KS, Class 42-K, Group Operations Officer. P-5/D in background, "Creamer's Dream," generally flown by Charles L. White, St. Louis MO, Class 44-C Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945. (Source: Tuskegee Airmen 332nd Fighter Group pilots.)
(verification pending)
 
Col. Benjamin O. Davis and members of 99th Flight Squadron
 
Members of the 99th Fighter Squadron of the Army Air Forces, famous all-Negro outfit, who are rapidly making themselves feared by enemy pilots, pose for a picture at the Anzio beachhead. In the foreground, head bared, is 1st Lt. Andrew Lane." Ca. February 1944. (Source: 80-G-54413 National Archives.)
(verification pending)
 
Airman Edward C. Gleed with flight crew
 
Photograph shows Tuskegee airman Edward C. Gleed, Lawrence, KS, Class 42-K, with two unidentified crewmen adjusting an external seventy-five gallon drop tank on the wing of a P-5/D, "Creamer's Dream." Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945. (Source: Tuskegee Airmen 332nd Fighter Group pilots.)
 
Airmen looking up
 
Photograph shows three Tuskegee airmen looking skyward, Ramitelli, Italy, March 1945. (Source: Photographer's note on contact sheet.)
 
Airman issuing escape kits
 
Tuskegee airman issuing escape kits containing cyanide capsules to members of the 332nd Army Air Force fighter group. Gelatin silver print, March 1945. (Source: Library of Congress)
 
Airmen aboard aircraft carrier
 
1909th Engineers Aviation Battalion (Negro) aboard LST 683. August 15, 1945. (Source: National Archives 80-G-337464.)
 
Officer briefing pilots
 
With an officer giving them pointers from a giant map, pilots of an American P-51 Mustang fighter-bomber group learn their `target for today' during a briefing at a base in Italy. Both the map and the briefing chart (right) indicate another objective in Germany will soon be on the receiving end of their bullets and bombs. The men are members of the 15th U.S. Army Air Force, whose planes fly as part of the Mediterranean Allied Air Force. Ca. September 1944. (Source: National Archives 208-MO-18K-32983.)
 
Pilots kneeling in front of plane
 
Fliers of a P-51 Mustang Group of the 15th Air Force in Italy `shoot the breeze' in the shadow of one of the Mustangs they fly. Left to right: Lt. Dempsey W. Morgan, Jr.; Lt. Car roll S. Woods; Lt. Robert H. Nelson, Jr.; Capt. Andrew D. Turner; and Lt. Clarence P. Lester. Ca. August 1944. (Source: National Archives 208-NP-6XXX-1.)
 
Pilots of fighter squadron
 
Pilots of a U.S. Army Air Forces fighter squadron, credited with shooting down 8 of the 28 German planes destroyed in dog-fights over the new Allied beachheads south of Rome, on Jan. 27, talk over the day's exploits at a U.S. base in the Mediterranean theater. Negro members of this squadron, veterans of the North African and Sicilian campaigns, were formerly classmates at a university in the southern U.S. February 1944. (Source: National Archives 208-MO-18H-22051.)
 
P-51 fighter group
 
American pilots of a P-51 Mustang fighter group, whose planes are named after wild horses that once roamed the U.S., listen intently as they are briefed for a mission at a base in Italy. Like cavalrymen of old, they ride down the enemy in their flying steeds and have destroyed German installations and personnel throughout Europe. They are members of the 15th U.S. Army Air Force, whose fighters and bombers are part of the Mediterranean Allied Air Force, which also includes British, French, and Polish fliers. ca. September 1944. (Source: National Archives 208-N-32987.)
 
Bomber Escort
 
[Capt. Andrew D. Turner], who in a few minutes will be escorting heavy bombers en route to enemy targets, signals to the chief of his ground crew before taking off from a base in Italy. He is a member of the 15th U.S. Army Air Force, which has been smashing enemy objectives in Germany and the Balkans with both fighter and bomber craft. The pilot's plane, a Mustang, is named for a type of wild horse that once roamed in America. ca. September 1944. (Source: National Archives 208-MO-18K-32981.)
 
Negro fighter pilot
 
Lt. Andrew D. Marshall, pilot in a Negro fighter group of the Mediterranean Allied Air Force had his plane shot up by flak during a strafing mission over Greece before the Allied invasion. When he came down all that was left of the plane was his engine and himself. But he only suffered some bruises and cuts. Greeks hid him from the Nazis, then directed him to the British forces when they parachuted into Greece. Here Lt. Marshall tells an American pilot of the 51st Troop Carrier Wing of his harrowing experience. Ca. October 1944. (Source National Archives 208-AA-102E-5.)
 
First Negro Navigation Cadets
 
Members of the Nation's first Negro Navigation Cadets, who will receive their commissions in the Army Air Forces on February 26th, visited City Hall as guests of Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia this afternoon. They are shown on the steps of City Hall as the mayor greeted their commanding officer, Maj. Galen B. Price. February 16, 1944. Acme. (Source: National Archives 208-PU-113M-26.)
 
Armorer of 15th U. S. Air Force
 
An armorer of the 15th U.S. Air Force checks ammunition belts of the .50 caliber machine guns in the wings of a P-51 Mustang fighter plane before it leaves an Italian base for a mission against German military targets. The 15th Air Force was organized for long range assault missions and its fighters and bombers range over enemy targets in occupied and satellite nations, as well as Germany itself." Ca. September 1944. (Source: National Archives208-MO-18H-32984.)
 
Ground crew of 15th U. S. Air Force
 
Members of the ground crew of a Negro fighter squadron of the 15th U.S. Air Force in Italy place a loaded wing tank on a P-51 Mustang before the group takes off on another mission escorting bombers over enemy targets. The squadron uses the auxiliary fuel tanks for long distance flights. Left to right: T/Sgt. Charles K. Haynes, S/Sgt. James A. Sheppard, and M/Sgt. Frank Bradley. N.d. (Source: National Archives 208-AA-49E-1-3.)
 
99th Squadron victory
 
Sharing credit for Negro fighter pilots' victory over Nazis are mechanics George Johnson...and James C. Howard... . Their outfit, the 99th Fighter Squadron, bagged 12 Nazi fighter planes in two days. Ca. February 1944. (Source: National Archives 208-AA-49E-1-1.)
(verification pending)
 
Wilson and Robinson
 
Jackie Wilson (left) and Ray Robinson have fought two bitterly contested ring encounters. Now it's Sgt. Wilson and Pvt. Robinson in the same Aviation Squadron at Mitchell Field, New York, and they stand shoulder to shoulder-ready for a fight to the death on the Axis. 1943. ( Source: National Archives 208-PU-214B-5.)
 
The Tuskegee Airmen Scholarship Foundation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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